All images cour­tesy of the publisher 

Through arrest­ing pho­tographs, Beyond the Shad­ows (Aper­ture, 2019) chron­i­cles the Nazi occu­pa­tion of Den­mark and high­lights the work of non-Jew­ish Danes who moved Jews to safe­ty. This excerpt will be fea­tured in the fourth issue of Paper Brigade, forth­com­ing in Feb­ru­ary. Pre­order the issue here


Word spread quick­ly through the Resis­tance net­work that Bis­pe­b­jerg Hos­pi­tal in Copen­hagen was a good hid­ing place. Cor­ri­dors, oper­at­ing tables, the nurs­es’ res­i­dence, even the funer­al chapel were pressed into ser­vice. The gates were guard­ed by Ger­mans; the Gestapo would stage sud­den raids. At the age of twen­ty-two, Ebba Lund ran a res­cue oper­a­tion out of Copen­hagen Port, which trans­port­ed sev­er­al hun­dred Jews to safe­ty. Still a stu­dent at the time, she often had to face down the Gestapo while hid­ing escap­ing Jews. After the war, Dr. Lund made a career as an inter­na­tion­al­ly respect­ed scientist.


We went to Pårup sta­tion [the last stop before Gillele­je] to fetch a whole train­load of peo­ple and dis­trib­ute them among the big farms. But there were so many that there was not enough room and the rest were so unhap­py. We took an elder­ly cou­ple and a young cou­ple with twin babies to our house, and some to the carpenter’s. And the neigh­bors [Frede Svendsen’s moth­er] brought bread and but­ter. For three days they stayed. And I stood by and ran back and forth from the har­bor to see when there would be room for them to get across.”


On the trip to Swe­den, the refugees were kept hid­den in the holds of fish­ing boats. They were often sand­wiched like sar­dines under smelly can­vas tar­pau­lins until they reached Swedish waters. Some of the refugees were caught by Ger­man patrols and oth­ers lost their lives in drown­ing acci­dents or sui­cides. A total of 7,056 Jews and 686 non-Jew­ish spous­es, along with an addi­tion­al 11,000 non-Jews in fear of arrest by the Ger­mans for var­i­ous ille­gal Resis­tance activ­i­ties, suc­ceed­ed in escap­ing to Sweden.


The Jews wait­ed in fear for about six­teen hours in the very chilly loft of the church. A per­son who was lat­er accused of inform­ing the Ger­mans vis­it­ed the church, and I believe the Jews knew they would be tak­en. Imag­ine: six­teen hours with that sus­pi­cion. My idea for the play is to tell the sto­ry about peo­ple who are informed that the next day they have to go to anoth­er coun­try, with­out their fam­i­ly, friends, work, house, mon­ey … any­thing. My own con­nec­tion with the sto­ry of Gillele­je is indi­rect. I was not yet four years old when, on Octo­ber 10, as a lit­tle fugi­tive, I sailed with my moth­er to Swe­den in a fisherman’s boat from south of Copenhagen.”

Judy Glick­man Laud­er is a pho­tog­ra­ph­er, human­i­tar­i­an, and phil­an­thropist. Her books include Upon Reflec­tion: Pho­tographs by Judy Ellis Glick­man (2012), as well as a book on the work of her father, For the Love of It: The Pho­tog­ra­phy of Irv­ing Ben­nett Ellis (2008). Her work is held in pri­vate col­lec­tions and pub­lic insti­tu­tions around the world, includ­ing the J. Paul Get­ty Muse­um, Los Ange­les; Whit­ney Muse­um of Amer­i­can Art, New York; Unit­ed States Holo­caust Memo­r­i­al Muse­um, Wash­ing­ton, DC; and Dan­ish Jew­ish Muse­um, Copen­hagen. Glick­man Lauder’s work is the sub­ject of two trav­el­ing exhi­bi­tions, Holo­caust: The Pres­ence of the Past and Resis­tance and Res­cue: Denmark’s Response to the Holo­caust, which have been shown at more than 150 insti­tu­tions around the world.

Elie Wiesel was one of the most influ­en­tial voic­es for remem­ber­ing and under­stand­ing the Holo­caust. A Nobel Lau­re­ate, he was the author of more than fifty books, includ­ing Night, a work based on his expe­ri­ences as a pris­on­er in Auschwitz and Buchen­wald. He died in 2016, at the age of eighty-seven.

Michael Beren­baum is direc­tor of the Sigi Zier­ing Insti­tute: Explor­ing the Eth­i­cal and Reli­gious Impli­ca­tions of the Holo­caust, Amer­i­can Jew­ish Uni­ver­si­ty, Los Ange­les. He played a lead­ing role in the cre­ation of the Unit­ed States Holo­caust Memo­r­i­al Muse­um, Wash­ing­ton, DC, and the con­tent of its per­ma­nent exhi­bi­tion. Beren­baum is also a rab­bi, the author of numer­ous books, and exec­u­tive edi­tor of the twen­ty-two vol­ume Ency­clopae­dia Judaica, 2nd edi­tion (2006).

Judith S. Gold­stein is an author, a his­to­ri­an, and a human rights leader. She holds a PhD in his­to­ry from Colum­bia Uni­ver­si­ty. In 1997, she found­ed the inter­na­tion­al edu­ca­tion­al orga­ni­za­tion Human­i­ty in Action.